Forest fund

In the Republic of Belarus forests are one of the main renewable natural resources and the major national wealth. The woods and forest resources are of great importance for sustainable social and economic development of the country, ensuring its economic, energy, ecological and food security. For a number of the key indicators characterizing forest fund (woodiness of the territory, the area of the woods and stock of growing wood in terms of per capita), Belarus is among the top ten forest states of Europe.

Forestry of Belarus. successfully implementing the principles of sustainable multipurpose forest management, is important for stable functioning of the forest sector of the country and contributes to the development of allied industries of economy, making a significant contribution to the implementation of the signed international treaties at the global level in the field of environmental protection. Its economic, environmental and social role has been steadily increasing. All this gives grounds to say that in modern conditions the forestry sector from traditional commodity industry turns into infrastructural and one of the key sectors of the national economic complex, especially in the rural areas of the country.

As a result of purposeful work on reproduction of the woods and forest growing, positive dynamics of forest fund is reached.

So from 1994 the key quantitative and qualitative indexes of the forests improved:

  • forest area increased by 887,7 thousand hectares from 7371,7 to 8259,4 thousand hectares;

  • the area under forest of the Republic reached 39.8 per cent (increased by 4.3%);

  • the total stock of standing timber increased by 679,3 million cubic meters and amounted to 1772,5 million cubic meters (including in Mature and overmature stands - 221,5 million cubic meters and constituted – 296,0 million cubic meters);

  • the stock per 1 ha. of forested land increased by 67 cubic meters and amounted to 215 cubic meters per 1 ha.; the stock of mature and overmature plantings increased by 51 cubic meters and reached 264 cubic meters per 1 ha.;

  • average age of plantings increased from 44 to 55 years

Dynamics of indices of forest Fund of the Republic of Belarus:

Name of indocatorunit of measureIndex as at
1. The total area of forest fund lands thousand hectares 8676,1 9247,5 9416,6  9565,8
1.1 Forest lands thousand hectares 7775,9 8275,7 8598,2  8709,6
  % 89,6 89,4 91,3  91
1.2 Forested land – in all thousand hectares 7371,7 7850,6 8002,4  8259,4
  % 85 85,0 85,0  86,3
mature and overmature thousand hectares 350,1 623 804,4  1121,6
  % 4,7 7,9 10,1  13,6
2. Area under forest % 35,5 37,8 38,5  39,8
3. The General stock of stands – in all million m3 1093,2 1339,9 1566,1  1772,5
4. The total average inventory change million m3 24,9 28,2 30,2  32,6
5. The average stock of plantations м3/hectar 148 171 196 215
5.1. Mature and overmature м3/hectar 213 220 244 264
6. The average age years 44 48 52 55

In Belarus along with increase in total area of forest fund also the sustainable growth of the areas of ripening as well as mature and overmature plantings is observed

During the twenty-year period, the area of mature wood increased significantly

The age structure of forests (Young stand/ middle-aged/ ripening/ mature)


Dynamics of forest cover percent of the territory of Belarus


Structure of breeds of plantings of Republic of Belarus (Pine / oak/ common alder /birch / spruce / aspen /other breeds)


All forests in Belarus are the exclusive property of the state.
Name of the ministries, organizations Area, thousand ha. The percent of  total area The number of the legal entities conducting forestry
The Ministry of Forestry 8418,9 88,0 98
The Ministry of defence 89,7 0,9 2
Ministry of Emergency Situations 216,1 2,3 1
Ministry of education 27,5 0,3 2;
Administrative Department of the President of the
Republic of Belarus
757,2 7,9 7
The national Academy of Sciences of Belarus 41,5 0,4 3
Local executive and administrative bodies 14,9; 0,2 5
In all 9565,8 100,0 118